|Motor cars, bicycles||Sheffield|
|Cutlery, special steel||Newcastle|
|Locomotives||to be developed in||Leeds|
|Glass, leather goods||Manchester|
|Cotton industry||to be manufactured in||Bradford|
|Aircraft construction||the Black Country|
Exercise 3. Answer the questions.
1) What are the biggest industrial centres of the U. K.?
2) What are chief industries of the country?
3) What articles are manufactured in the Black Country?
4) Name the greatest ports and shipbuilding centres of Britain.
5) What cities are British textile centres?
6) What English city is the twin town of Volgograd?
7) What is Exercise 2. Make up sentences using the table. Liverpool famous for?
8) What are the main English ports?
Exercise 4. Enumerate the main industries developed in your city.
Exercise 5. Learn the dialogue by heart and act it out.
Exercise 7. Role play involving the whole group.
Imagine that some of you are British students from London, Liverpool, Manchester, Birmingham, Sheffield, Leeds and the other are students from Volgograd. Discuss the industrial potential of the cities you come from.
Read and translate.
London is one of the most exciting and cosmopolitan cities in the world. To some – it is simply home, a place to live and work in, while Exercise 2. Make up sentences using the table. to others who only visit – it means a city of history and culture, full of museums, galleries and historic buildings. But both visitors and residents appreciate its rich heritage, its fine architecture and amazing diversity of cultures. London’s most famous sights range from the historic Tower of London and the Changing of the Guard at Buckingham Palace to the everyday views withits black cabs and red double-decker buses.
The heart of London is the City, the oldest area, which is rich in historic traditions. Today it is well known as one of the world’s leading Exercise 2. Make up sentences using the table. financial and commercial centres, where all the major British and foreign banks and finance houses are represented.
The Tower of London comes first among the historic buildings of the City. If you want to get some glimpses of London it’s just from here that you had better start sightseeing. The Tower of London was founded by Julius Caesar and rebuilt in1066 by William the Conqueror. The Tower served as fortress, palace and state prison. Its history is associated withthe place of murder and execution. Now it is a museum of armour and attracts thousand of visitors. The Exercise 2. Make up sentences using the table. large black ravens have a long association with the Tower; it is believed that if they ever disappear England will fall and that ill-fortune will befall anyone who harms them. Consequently they are very well cared for.
A twenty minutes walk from the Tower will take you to another historic building – St. Paul’s Cathedral, the greatest of English churches. It was built by a famous English architect Sir Christopher Wren, who spent 35 years of his life supervising every part of its construction. St. Paul’s Cathedral with its huge dome and rows of columns is considered to be a Exercise 2. Make up sentences using the table. fine specimen of Renaissance architecture. Nelson and other great men of England are buried in the Cathedral.
Not far away, in Westminster another important part of London where most of the Government buildings are situated is Westminster Abbey. Many outstanding English statesmen, painters and poets with Newton, Darwin and Tennyson among them are buried here. Westminster Abbey has been the coronation place of all 39 English Kings and Queens since William the Conqueror in 1066.
Across the road from Westminster Abbey there is Westminster Palace, the seat of the British Parliament. Its two graceful towers stand high above the city. The Exercise 2. Make up sentences using the table. higher of the two contains the largest clock in the country and the famous Big Ben. The name actually refers not to the clock tower or the clock itself but to the huge 13,5-ton bell that strikes every quarter of the hour.
If we walk along Whitehall which is not at all a hall but just a street where the chief government offices are to be found, we shall soon come to Trafalgar Square. It was so named in memory of the victory at the battle of Trafalgar, where on October 21, 1805 the English fleet under Nelson’s command defeated Exercise 2. Make up sentences using the table. the combined fleet of France and Spain. The victory was won at the cost of Nelson’s life. In the middle of Trafalgar Square stands Nelson’s monument – a tall column with the figure of Nelson at its top. The column is guarded by four bronze lions. Nowadays Trafalgar Square is a favourite gathering place for both locals and visitors.
The fine building facing the square is the National Gallery and adjoining it (but just round the corner) is the Portrait Gallery.
Not far away is the British Museum – the biggest museum in London. It contains the Exercise 2. Make up sentences using the table. priceless collection of different things: ancient manuscripts, coins, sculptures, etc. The British museum is famous for its library – one of the richest in the world.
Buckingham Palace has been the London residence of the Queen since the 18th century. It is around Buckingham Palace and nearby St James’s Palace that London’s most powerful pageantry takes place, where the sights of the daily Changing of the Guard, or the procession of Life Guards riding down the Mall cannot fail to attract attention.
And you cannot leave the city without visiting one more place of interest – Hyde Park (or “the Exercise 2. Make up sentences using the table. Park” as Londoners call it) with Kensington Gardens adjoining it in the west is the largest in London. When you are walking along its shady avenues, sitting on the grass, admiring its beautiful flowerbeds or watching swans and ducks floating on the ponds, it seems almost unbelievable that all around there is a large city with its heavy traffic and smoke.
Exercise 1. Find English equivalents of the following.
Завоеватель, наследство, разнообразие, пышное зрелище, смена караула, ценою жизни, купол, достопримечательности, местные жители, казнь, несчастье, ворон, образец, невероятный, древний, торговый, изящный, примыкающий, восхищаться, привлекать внимание, хоронить, высоко ценить, исчезать, наносить Exercise 2. Make up sentences using the table. поражение, причинять вред, приключаться.
Exercise 2. Answer the questions.
1) What is London famous for?
2) What's the City? Where is it situated?
3) What building is considered to be one of the oldest in London?
4) Who was the Tower of London founded by?
5) What beliefs are associated with the Tower?
6) Do you know the famous Englishmen who are buried in St. Paul’s Cathedral?
7) In what part of London are the most important Government buildings situated?
8) Which street leads to Trafalgar Square?
9) How is Admiral Nelson’s victory commemorated?
10) Where is the National Gallery situated?
11) Why does Buckingham Palace attract so much attention Exercise 2. Make up sentences using the table.?
12) What kind of museum is the British Museum?
13) Why are Londoners proud of their parks?